For a long time, the γ phase in metallic alloys has seemed to be produced through a peritectic reaction between the δ and liquid phases. However, direct observations have shown that a massive-like transformation, in which the δ phase transforms into the γ phase in the solid state, is dominant during or after solidification of the δ phase in carbon steels. To characterize such massive-like transformation, we use time-resolved tomography (4D-CT) to demonstrate the volume change during cooling from the melt and the crystallographic orientation relationship between the δ and γ phases. The volume changes from solidification and from the massive-like transformation from the δ to the γ phase were -3% and -0.5%, respectively. The transformation from the δ to the γ phase finished quickly, as demonstrated by the volume change. Fine γ grains were produced even in a single δ grain through the massive-like transformation. Also, the refined γ grains showed a wide crystallographic distribution.
|Journal||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 17 2019|
|Event||Joint 5th International Conference on Advances in Solidification Processes, ICASP 2019 and 5th International Symposium on Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification, Casting and Refining, CSSCR 2019 - Salzburg, Austria|
Duration: Jun 17 2019 → Jun 21 2019
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)