Intracerebroventricular injection taurine changes free amino acid concentrations in the brain and plasma in chicks

Mohamed Z. Elhussiny, Phuong V. Tran, Ying Wang, Yoshimitsu Ouchi, Shogo Haraguchi, Elizabeth R. Gilbert, Mark A. Cline, Takashi Bungo, Mitsuhiro Furuse, Vishwajit S. Chowdhury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Brain amino acid metabolism has been reported to regulate body temperature, feeding behavior and stress response. Central injection of taurine induced hypothermic and anorexigenic effects in chicks. However, it is still unknown how the amino acid metabolism is influenced by the central injection of taurine. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the changes in brain and plasma free amino acids following central injection of taurine. Five-day-old male Julia layer chicks (n = 10) were subjected to intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection with saline or taurine (5 µmol/10 µL). Central taurine increased tryptophan concentrations in the diencephalon, and decreased tyrosine in the diencephalon, brainstem, cerebellum, telencephalon and plasma at 30 min post-injection. Taurine was increased in all the brain parts after ICV taurine. Although histidine and cystathionine concentrations were increased in the diencephalon and brainstem, several amino acids such as isoleucine, arginine, methionine, phenylalanine, glutamic acid, asparagine, proline, and alanine were reduced following central injection of taurine. All amino acid concentrations were decreased in the plasma after ICV taurine. In conclusion, central taurine quickly changes free amino acid concentrations in the brain and plasma, which may have a role in thermoregulation, food intake and stress response in chicks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-192
Number of pages10
JournalAmino Acids
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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