Interstellar analogs from defective carbon nanostructures account for interstellar extinction

Zhenquan Tan, Hiroki Chihara, Chiyoe Koike, Hiroya Abe, Kenji Kaneko, Kazuyoshj Sato, Satoshi Ohara

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)


    Because interstellar dust is closely related to the evolution of matter in the galactic environment and many other astrophysical phenomena, the laboratory synthesis of interstellar dust analogs has received significant attention over the past decade. To simulate the ultraviolet (UV) interstellar extinction feature at 217.5 nm originating from carbonaceous interstellar dust, many reports focused on the UV absorption properties of laboratory-synthesized interstellar dust analogs. However, no general relation has been established between UV interstellar extinction and artificial interstellar dust analogs. Here, we show that defective carbon nanostructures prepared by high-energy collisions exhibit a UV absorption feature at 220 nm which we suggest accounts for the UV interstellar extinction at 217.5 nm. The morphology of some carbon nanostructures is similar to that of nanocarbons discovered in the Allende meteorite. The similarity between the absorption feature of the defective carbon nanostructures and UV interstellar extinction indicates a strong correlation between the defective carbon nanostructures and interstellar dust.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1456-1461
    Number of pages6
    JournalAstronomical Journal
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science


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