Interleukin-1β as a Predictor of Glucocorticoid Response in Ulcerative Colitis

Hiroaki Okuno, Haruei Ogino, Eikichi Ihara, Kei Nishioka, Yoichiro Iboshi, Takatoshi Chinen, Toshiaki Ochiai, Hirotada Akiho, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Takuji Gotoda, Yoshihiro Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aim: Currently, there are no established biomarkers to differentiate between glucocorticoid (GC)-resistant and GC-sensitive ulcerative colitis (UC); however, interleukin (IL)-1β could be one such candidate biomarker. The aim of this study was to investigate whether mucosally expressed IL-1β could predict the response to GC in patients with UC. Methods: A total of 27 mucosal tissue samples from 10 patients with GC-resistant UC (GC-resistant group), 9 patients with GC-sensitive UC (GC-sensitive group), and 8 control patients (control group) were analyzed by qRT-PCR for the expression of IL-1β, GC receptor α (GRα), GRβ, and other inflammatory mediators. Rachmilewitz endoscopic index (REI) between the GC-resistant and GC-sensitive groups was matched to avoid any potential influence of inflammation. Results: The REI did not significantly differ between the GC-resistant and GC-sensitive groups. Mucosally expressed IL-1β levels in the GC-resistant group were significantly higher than those in the GC-sensitive group. However, there were no significant differences in the expression levels of GRα, GRβ, and other inflammatory mediators between the 2 groups. We could distinguish between the GC-resistant and GC-sensitive groups with a sensitivity of 90.0% and specificity of 77.8% based on mucosally expressed IL-1β. Conclusions: Mucosally expressed IL-1β can be used as a predictor of GC response in patients with UC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-367
Number of pages11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology


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