Mitochondrial gene transcription activity in organello was suppressed after culturing HeLa cells with 1000 U/ml of interferon-α (IFN-α) or IFN- γ for 18 h. The suppression was associated with reduced levels of mitochondrial gene transcripts. Northern blot analysis of HeLa cell RNA showed marked reduction of the mRNA encoding for mitochondrial transcription factor A (mtTFA). Immunoblotting with antiserum directed against recombinant mtTFA showed a reduced level of the protein as well. Consistently, gel- retardation assay of mitochondrial extract showed reduced level of functional mtTFA, which is known to bind to both heavy and light strand promoters of bidirectionally transcribed mitochondrial DNA. We suggest that depletion of mtTFA is a pathway through which IFNs depress the mitochondrial respiration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology