We study interface and vortex motion in the two-component dissipative Ginzburg-Landau equation in two-dimensional space. We consider cases where the whole system is divided into several domains, and we assume that these domains are separated by interfaces and each domain contains quantized vortices. The equations for interface and vortex motion will be derived by means of a variational approach by Kawasaki. These equations indicate that, along an interface, the phase gradient fields of the complex order parameters is parallel to the interface. They also indicate that the interface motion is driven by the curvature and the phase gradient fields along the interface, and vortex motion is driven by the phase gradient field around the vortex. With respect to the static interactions between defects, we find an analogy between quantized vortices in a domain and electric charges in a vacuum domain surrounded by a metallic object in electrostatic. This analogy indicates that there is an attractive interaction between an interface and a quantized vortex with any charge. We also discuss several examples of interface and vortex motion.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 28 2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics