Interaction of interleukin-11 with cytotoxic therapies in vitro against CEM cells and in vivo against EMT-6 murine mammary carcinoma

Beverly A. Teicher, Ying Nan Chen, Gulshan Ara, Yasunori Emi, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yoshihiko Maehara, Susan Keyes, David Northey

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Interleukin-11 (rhIL-11) is a cytokine that has been shown to enhance the recovery of bone marrow and intestinal crypt cells after cytotoxic insult with radiation or anticancer drugs. The current study examined the effects of rhIL-11 on the response of CEM human lymphoblastic leukemia cells and on the EMT-6 murine mammary carcinoma in vivo to cytotoxic anticancer therapies. Exposure of CEM cells to rhIL-11 for 24 hr did not alter the cytotoxicity of melphalan or radiation, increased the cytotoxicity of CDDP (100 μM) and 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (50 βM) and decreased the cytotoxicity of 5-fluorouracil and ara-C toward the cells. Treatment of mice bearing the EMT-6 tumor with rhIL-11 twice daily for 4 days prior to and the day of cytotoxic therapy resulted in no significant change in the tumor cell killing or bone marrow CFU-GM killing by melphalan, cyclophosphamide, thiotepa, CDDP, radiation, 5-fluorouracil or ara-C. Administration of rhIL-11 twice per day on days 7-18 to EMT-6 tumor bearing animals receiving high dose chemotherapy (melphalan, thiotepa or cyclophosphamide) as a single dose on day 7 followed by mobilized peripheral blood cells on day 8 and rhG-CSF on days 8-20, tended to prolong the tumor growth delay produced by the drugs. This rhIL-11 treatment also resulted in a move rapid recovery of white blood cells and granulocytes in the animals. Furthermore, animals treated with rhIL-11 had improved survival rates compared with animals receiving all other normal tissue support without rhIL-11.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-870
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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