We report different effects of administration of proton pump inhibitors on tacrolimus blood concentration in two living-donor liver transplant patients. In case 1, a 51-year-old man with liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis C virus underwent living-donor liver transplantation, and tacrolimus was orally administered. Omeprazole (40 mg/day) was introduced intravenously between postoperative days 5 and 6, and oral lansoprazole (30 mg/day) was introduced from day 6, leading to an increase in the concentration/dose ratio of tacrolimus from day 10. In case 2, a 41-year-old living-donor liver transplant woman received tacrolimus, and co-administered with omeprazole (40 mg/day) intravenously during 7 days immediately after surgery. During this period, trough concentration of tacrolimus was high, but the concentration/dose ratio of tacrolimus was gradually decreasing with time. Switched to rabeprazole (10 mg/day) orally on the postoperative 8th day, the concentration/dose ratio of tacrolimus remained low, indicating little drug-drug interaction between tacrolimus and rabeprazole. In both cases, the genotypes of CYP2C19 and CYP3A5 were defective both in the graft liver and in the native intestine. A drug-drug interaction between rabeprazole and tacrolimus was not observed in this case study presented, suggesting that this combination could be safely used in tacrolimus therapy after liver transplantation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Pharmacology (medical)