Background:A striking efficiency of interferon (IFN)-based anticancer therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been reported. Because its clinical efficiency greatly depends on each patient's local response, prediction of local response is crucial.Methods:Continuous exposure of IFN-α to parental PLC/PRF/5 cells (PLC-P) and a limiting dilution method resulted in the establishment of IFN-resistant cell clones (PLC-Rs). Microarray analyses of PLC-P and PLC-Rs identified insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) as one of the most significantly downregulated genes in PLC-Rs. Changes in anticancer effects of IFN-α were examined in HCC cells after genetic manipulation of IGFBP7 expression. The correlation between immunohistochemically determined IGFBP7 expression and the response to IFN-α/5-fluorouracil (5-FU) therapy was investigated in surgically resected HCC specimens.Results:PLC-R cells showed a remarkable downregulation of IGFBP7 and resistance to IFN-α, compared with PLC-P. Parental PLC/PRF/5 cells transfected with short hairpin RNA against IGFBP7 showed a significant resistance to IFN-α relative to control cells (IC 50 fold increase14.38 times). Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 transfection into PLC-R restored sensitivity to IFN-α. In resected specimens, IGFBP7 expression significantly correlated with the response to IFN-α/5-FU therapy.Conclusion:IGFBP7 could be a useful predictor of the response to IFN-based therapy in advanced HCC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research