Installation and preliminary data analysis of Penang magnetic data Acquisition system (MAGDAS) in Malaysia

N. A. Zakaria, S. H.M. Yusoff, N. A.M. Rizal, N. S.A. Hamid, M. H. Hashim, Z. Mohd Radzi, M. H. Jusoh, A. Yoshikawa, T. Uozumi, S. Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


MAGDAS PEN was established on 19th September 2019 as one of the MAGDAS observatory arrays located at Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) (5.15°, 100.50°). The main objective of the MAGDAS project is to monitor global electromagnetic and the ambient plasma density in the geospace environment. This installation has contributed to a better understanding of the Sun-Earth coupling system. This paper presents the installation process of one of the MAGDAS magnetometers named YU-8 T magnetic sensor and provides a preliminary analysis of geomagnetic HDZ components amplitude-time that was observed at PEN station. A one-month HDZ-geomagnetic field data was processed from 1st November to 30th November 2019. The daily variations with a consistent pattern in delta H geomagnetic field components are observed throughout the day with eastward electric field effects that are observed during solar peak hours. The delta H-component gradually increases around 0700LT and reaches the maximum reading at 1300LT with a range of value ~ 40-70nT. The value slowly decreases that started from 1400LT until the night time. The reading during the night time shows a constant variation with magnitude varies in between −10nT to + 10nT. The average H-component value of the night time is used as the baseline for the observation system. Overall, the observed trends portray a good sign of solar quiet field and Sq with no solar-terrestrial disturbances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2199-2206
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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