There is increasing evidence that a functional interaction exists between interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The present study attempted to elucidate the effect of IL-1β on the NMDA-induced outward currents in mechanically dissociated hippocampal neurons using a perforated patch recording technique. IL-1β (30-100 ng/ml) inhibited the mean amplitude of the NMDA-induced outward currents that were mediated by charybdotoxin (ChTX)-sensitive Ca2+-activated K+ (KCa) channels. IL-1β (100 ng/ml) also significantly increased the mean ratio of the NMDA-induced inward current amplitudes measured at the end to the beginning of a 20-s application of NMDA. In hippocampal neurons from acute slice preparations, IL-1β significantly inhibited ChTX-sensitive KCa currents induced by a depolarizing voltage-step. IL-1 receptor antagonist antagonized effects of IL-1β. These results strongly suggest that IL-1β increases the neuronal excitability by inhibition of ChTX-sensitive KCa channels activated by Ca2+ influx through both NMDA receptors and voltage-gated Ca2+ channels.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 8 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology