Early growth response factor-1 (Egr-1) is a transcription factor that is rapidly activated after vascular injury and thus might contribute to vascular proliferation and inflammation. We hypothesized that Egr-1 might therefore be a therapeutic target against restenosis. Hypercholesterolemic rabbits were intraluminally administered synthetic DNA as a 'decoy' against Egr-1 immediately after carotid artery balloon injury. Efficient transfection was confirmed by the delivery of a fluorescence-labeled decoy. Gel mobility-shift assay showed increased Egr-1 activity after balloon injury and its prevention by Egr-1 decoy transfection in vivo. Egr-1 decoy transfection attenuated early inflammation and proliferation and later neointimal hyperplasia. In addition, Egr-1 decoy transfection reduced gene expression and protein production of Egr-1-dependent genes such as platelet-derived growth factor-B, transforming growth factor-β1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. The Egr-1 pathway has an essential role in the pathogenesis of neointimal hyperplasia after balloon injury in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. This decoy strategy is a potential practical form of therapy for human restenosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology