Influence of Stimulus Size on Simultaneous Chromatic Induction

Tama Kanematsu, Kowa Koida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chromatic induction is a major contextual effect of color appearance. Patterned backgrounds are known to induce strong chromatic induction effects. However, it has not been clarified whether the spatial extent of the chromatic surrounding induces a chromatic contrast or assimilation effects. In this study, we examined the influence of the width of a center line and its flanking white contour on the color appearance when the line was surrounded by chromatic backgrounds. A strong color shift was observed when the center line was flanked by white contours with the L/M- and S-cone chromatic backgrounds. There was a difference between the optimal widths of the center line and the contour for the shift in color appearance for the L/M-cone chromaticity (0.9 and 1.1–1.7 min, respectively) and the S-cone chromaticity (8.2–17.5 and 0.9–2.5 min, respectively). The optimal width of the center line for the L/M-cone was finer than the resolution-limit width of the chromatic contrast sensitivity and coarser than that of the luminance contrast sensitivity. Thus, the color appearance of the center line could be obtained by integrating broad chromatic information and fine luminance details. Due to blurring and chromatic aberrations, the simulated artifact was large for the darker center line and S-cone background, thus suggesting that the artifact could explain the luminance dependency of the induction along the S-cone chromaticity. Moreover, the findings of this study reveal that the dominant factor of the color shift is neural instead of optical.

Original languageEnglish
Article number818149
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Psychology


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