A slug prepared from pure titanium shaped charge liners was recovered after detonation deformation at an ultrahigh strain rate over 105 s−1 and high strain over 500%. Optical microscopy, electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were employed to investigate the microstructure of the Ti shaped charged liner before and after the detonation deformation. The microstructures of the recovered slug include lamellar α grains, equiaxed α grains within localized shear bands, and jagged α grains. EBSD results indicated that the grain orientation distribution is random and no texture was observed in the slug. TEM observation revealed that the α → β → α phase transformation occurred owing to the rapid heating and cooling combined with deformation at ultrahigh strain rates in the Ti shaped charge liner. No melting phenomenon was observed during the deformation process. The deformation process consisted of the explosive detonation stage combined with rapid heating and the subsequent penetration stage combined with rapid cooling. In the explosive detonation stage, the α → β phase transformation instantaneously occurred via a martensitic mechanism. In the penetration stage, the high-temperature slug in β state was cooled rapidly and showed different deformation behaviors in three different areas.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering