It is well known that the CYP3A5*3 polymorphism is an important marker that correlates with the tacrolimus dose requirement after organ transplantation. Recently, it has been revealed that the POR*28 polymorphism affects the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus in renal transplant patients. In this study, we examined whether POR*28 as well as CYP3A5*3 polymorphism in Japanese recipients and donors would be another biomarker for the variation of tacrolimus blood levels in the recipients during the first month after living-donor liver transplantation. We enrolled 65 patients treated with tacrolimus, who underwent liver transplantation between July 2016 and January 2019. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole-blood samples, and genotyping was performed to examine the presence of CYP3A5*3 and POR*28 polymorphisms in the recipients and donors. The CYP3A5*3/*3 genotype (defective CYP3A5) of the recipient (standard partial regression coefficient [median C/D ratio of CYP3A5 expressor vs. CYP3A5 non-expressor, p value]: Pod 1–7, β= −0.389 [1.76 vs. 2.73, p < 0.001]; Pod 8–14, β = −0.345 [2.03 vs. 2.83, p < 0.001]; Pod 15–21, β= −0.417 [1.75 vs. 2.94, p < 0.001]; Pod 22–28, β = −0.627 [1.55 vs. 2.90, p < 0.001]) rather than donor (Pod 1–7, β = n/a [1.88 vs. 2.76]; Pod 8–14, β = n/a [1.99 vs. 2.93]; Pod 15–21, β = −0.175 [1.91 vs. 2.94, p = 0.004]; Pod 22–28, β = n/a [1.61 vs. 2.67]) significantly contributed to the increase in the concentration/dose (C/D) ratio of tacrolimus for at least one month after surgery. We found that the tacrolimus C/D ratio significantly decreased from the third week after transplantation when the recipient carried both CYP3A5*1 (functional CYP3A5) and POR*28 (n = 19 [29.2%], median C/D ratio [inter quartile range] = 1.58 [1.39–2.17]), compared with that in the recipients carrying CYP3A5*1 and POR*1/*1 (n = 8 [12.3%], median C/D ratio [inter quartile range] = 2.23 [2.05–3.06]) (p < 0.001). In conclusion, to our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting that the POR*28 polymorphism is another biomarker for the tacrolimus oral dosage after liver transplantation in patients carrying CYP3A5*1 rather than CYP3A5*3/*3.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry