Influence of POR*28 polymorphisms on 5*3-associated variations in tacrolimus blood levels at an early stage after liver transplantation

Takahiro Nakamura, Mio Fukuda, Ryosuke Matsukane, Kimitaka Suetsugu, Noboru Harada, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Nobuaki Egashira, Masaki Mori, Satohiro Masuda

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9 Citations (Scopus)


It is well known that the CYP3A5*3 polymorphism is an important marker that correlates with the tacrolimus dose requirement after organ transplantation. Recently, it has been revealed that the POR*28 polymorphism affects the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus in renal transplant patients. In this study, we examined whether POR*28 as well as CYP3A5*3 polymorphism in Japanese recipients and donors would be another biomarker for the variation of tacrolimus blood levels in the recipients during the first month after living-donor liver transplantation. We enrolled 65 patients treated with tacrolimus, who underwent liver transplantation between July 2016 and January 2019. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole-blood samples, and genotyping was performed to examine the presence of CYP3A5*3 and POR*28 polymorphisms in the recipients and donors. The CYP3A5*3/*3 genotype (defective CYP3A5) of the recipient (standard partial regression coefficient [median C/D ratio of CYP3A5 expressor vs. CYP3A5 non-expressor, p value]: Pod 1–7, β= −0.389 [1.76 vs. 2.73, p < 0.001]; Pod 8–14, β = −0.345 [2.03 vs. 2.83, p < 0.001]; Pod 15–21, β= −0.417 [1.75 vs. 2.94, p < 0.001]; Pod 22–28, β = −0.627 [1.55 vs. 2.90, p < 0.001]) rather than donor (Pod 1–7, β = n/a [1.88 vs. 2.76]; Pod 8–14, β = n/a [1.99 vs. 2.93]; Pod 15–21, β = −0.175 [1.91 vs. 2.94, p = 0.004]; Pod 22–28, β = n/a [1.61 vs. 2.67]) significantly contributed to the increase in the concentration/dose (C/D) ratio of tacrolimus for at least one month after surgery. We found that the tacrolimus C/D ratio significantly decreased from the third week after transplantation when the recipient carried both CYP3A5*1 (functional CYP3A5) and POR*28 (n = 19 [29.2%], median C/D ratio [inter quartile range] = 1.58 [1.39–2.17]), compared with that in the recipients carrying CYP3A5*1 and POR*1/*1 (n = 8 [12.3%], median C/D ratio [inter quartile range] = 2.23 [2.05–3.06]) (p < 0.001). In conclusion, to our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting that the POR*28 polymorphism is another biomarker for the tacrolimus oral dosage after liver transplantation in patients carrying CYP3A5*1 rather than CYP3A5*3/*3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2287
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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