Influence of cold forging and annealing on microstructure and mechanical properties of a high-Mn TWIP steel

P. Kusakin, A. Kalinenko, K. Tsuzaki, A. Belyakov, R. Kaibyshev

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5 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of cold biaxial forging and annealing on the microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of Fe-18Mn-0.6C-0.1N TWIP steel was investigated. The microstructure after thermomechanical treatment was examined by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with electron back-scatter diffraction (EBSD) analyzer and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The microstructure containing a high density of deformation twins was evolved by cold forging. Then, the deformation microstructure was recovered or partially recrystallized during subsequent annealing for 1 h at 673 or 873 K, respectively. The cold biaxial forging followed by partial recrystallization resulted in a very attractive combination of mechanical properties. The yield strength and the ultimate tensile strength of the steel after cold biaxial forging were 1320 and 1540 MPa, respectively, with elongation of 6 %. On the other hand, the yield and ultimate tensile strengths of 770 and 1110 MPa, respectively, and elongation about 40 % were obtained after partial recrystallization. The as-forged and recovery annealed samples showed fatigue limit of 600 and 550 MPa, respectively, and the sample after partial recrystallization showed slightly lower fatigue limit of 500 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-167
Number of pages7
JournalKovove Materialy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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