Incorporation of Benzoxazine Pendants in Polymer Chains: A Simple Approach to Add-Up Multi-Responsive Functions

Sorapat Niyomsin, Tomoyasu Hirai, Atsushi Takahara, Suwabun Chirachanchai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


External stimuli responsive polymers can be derived from the functional side group in copolymers. Benzoxazine dimer is a good candidate for expressing multi-responsive properties based on the type of phenol in combination with its metal complexation. The present work proposes a vinyl monomer containing a benzoxazine pendant, which contains an azo group as the functional monomer. The copolymerization with methylmethacrylate (MMA) via atom transfer radical polymerization leads to a block copolymer, specifically, PA-Azo-C3-b-PMMA, which forms uniform nanoparticles. The ring opening of benzoxazine monomer results in dimer pendants. The copolymer obtained, PA-Azo-C3-b-PMMA, shows multi-responsive functions in terms of metal ion complexation, and UV responsiveness through the dimer pendants and azobenzene groups. The UV exposure results in loss of uniformity of the nanoparticles as well as a decrease in size. This work demonstrates the role of benzoxazine pendants in developing PMMA copolymer showing external stimuli responsive functions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800526
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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