A supercontinuum light source generated with a femtosecond Ti:Sapphire oscillator has been used to obtain both vibrational and two-photon excitation fluorescence (TPEF) images of a living cell simultaneously at different wavelengths. Owing to an ultrabroadband spectral profile of the supercontinuum, multiple vibrational resonances have been detected through coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) process. In addition to the multiplex CARS process, multiple electronic states can be excited due to the broadband electronic two-photon excitation using the supercontinuum, giving rise to a two-photon excitation fluorescence (TPEF) signal. Using a living yeast cell whose nucleus is labeled by green fluorescent protein (GFP), we have succeeded in visualizing organelles such as mitochondria, septum, and nucleus through the CARS and the TPEF processes. The supercontinuum enables us to perform unique multi-nonlinear optical imaging through two different nonlinear optical processes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics