In vivo detection of free radicals induced by diethylnitrosamine in rat liver tissue

Ken ichi Yamada, Ikuo Yamamiya, Hideo Utsumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Diethylnitrosamine (DEN) is a well-known carcinogenic substance that requires microsomal activation before it can react with DNA to cause mutations and cancer. The aim of this study was to use in vivo spin trapping and spin probe techniques to investigate whether free radicals are generated in rat liver tissue during DEN activation. We used α-phenyl-n-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) as the spin trapping agent, which was delivered through an intraperitoneal injection before DEN administration. One hour after DEN administration, multicomponent PBN adducts in the bile were detected, and the intensities were diminished by the cytochrome P450 inhibitor SKF-525A. A computer simulation of the ESR signals revealed the presence of a lipid-derived radical. Using the in vivo spin probe/ESR technique, the signal decay rate of methoxycarbonyl-PROXYL was significantly increased in the DEN-treated group compared with the rate in the vehicle group. The enhanced signal decay rate was restored with PBN and/or SKF-525A pretreatment. These results suggested that lipid-derived free radicals were generated in the liver within 1 h after DEN administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2040-2046
Number of pages7
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'In vivo detection of free radicals induced by diethylnitrosamine in rat liver tissue'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this