Imaging methods that can detect biofunctionalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) accumulated at cancerous tumor sites are expected to be part of the in vivo cancer diagnostic techniques. An imaging technique called magnetic nanoparticle tomography (MNT), which uses a magnetic sensor array, has been proposed. High sensitivity and spatial resolution were achieved using the non-negative least-squares (NNLS) inverse solution in MNT. However, owing to the presence of measurement noise, the concentration and position of certain MNPs were estimated inaccurately, i.e., artifacts were generated. To overcome this issue, this study first applied standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA), a spatial filter method with no location bias, to approximate the position of MNPs. The region of analysis was restricted to where the estimated value exceeded the threshold. Subsequently, the NNLS method was applied to estimate the concentration and position of MNPs in the restricted region. In the experiment, two Resovist MNP samples (300 or 500 μgFe) were arranged at a distance of 25–502 mm, and the concentration and position estimation were performed. The estimation results demonstrated that the proposed method successfully suppresses artifacts and adequately estimates the concentration and position of MNPs within a position error of 10 mm and a concentration error of 20 %.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics