Improved lactic acid productivity by an open repeated batch fermentation system using Enterococcus mundtii QU 25

Mohamed Ali Abdel-Rahman, Yukihiro Tashiro, Takeshi Zendo, Kenji Sonomoto

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54 Citations (Scopus)


Decreasing the production cost of polymer-grade lactic acid is a challenge that the polylactic acid industry must surmount to be competitive with producers of petrochemical-derived plastics. In this study, we aimed to improve lactic acid productivity by investigating different fermentation systems. Enterococcus mundtii QU 25, previously reported by our group as a thermotolerant lactic acid bacterium, homofermentatively metabolizes glucose with the production of high optically pure l-lactic acid. The strain showed high lactic acid concentration and yield by controlled pH (7.0) and at a high temperature (43 °C). In a batch fermentation system, the optimal initial glucose concentration was 100 g L-1, at which high cell mass was achieved with production of 82.4 g L-1 of lactic acid at yield of 0.858 g g-1 glucose consumed. However, the productivity was approximately 2.0 g L-1 h-1. Subsequently, open repeated batch or fed-batch fermentation with recycled cells of the previous fermentation was conducted for 11 runs to enhance the productivity. As a result, lactic acid productivity was enhanced-up to 5.5-fold higher than that of the conventional batch culture, and fermentation was completed within 6 h with almost the same yield (0.761-0.832 g g -1 glucose consumed) and lactic acid concentration (81.6-84.5 g L-1). Up to 132 g L-1 lactic acid at yield of 0.853 g g-1 glucose consumed and productivity of 6.99 g L-1 h -1 were obtained in open repeated fed-batch fermentation. This indicates that strain QU 25 has the potential for industrial-scale production of lactic acid due to its high productivity, high yield of substrate conversion, and high final concentration of lactic acid produced under non-sterile conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8437-8445
Number of pages9
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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