Impaired neurogenesis in embryonic spinal cord of Phgdh knockout mice, a serine deficiency disorder model

Yuriko Kawakami, Kazuyuki Yoshida, Jung Hoon Yang, Takeshi Suzuki, Norihiro Azuma, Kazuhisa Sakai, Tsutomu Hashikawa, Masahiko Watanabe, Kaori Yasuda, Satoru Kuhara, Yoshio Hirabayashi, Shigeki Furuya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Mutations in the d-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH; EC gene, which encodes an enzyme involved in de novo l-serine biosynthesis, are shown to cause human serine deficiency disorder. This disorder has been characterized by severe neurological symptoms including congenital microcephaly and psychomotor retardation. Our previous work demonstrated that targeted disruption of mouse Phgdh leads to a marked decrease in serine and glycine, severe growth retardation of the central nervous system, and lethality after embryonic day 13.5. To clarify how a serine deficiency causes neurodevelopmental defects, we characterized changes in metabolites, gene expression and morphological alterations in the spinal cord of Phgdh knockout mice. BeadChip microarray analysis revealed significant dysregulation of genes involved in the cell cycle. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis also revealed a significant perturbation of regulatory networks that operate in the cell cycle progression. Moreover, morphological examinations of the knockout spinal cord demonstrated a marked deficit in dorsal horn neurons. Radial glia cells, native neural stem/progenitor cells, accumulated in the dorsal ventricular zone, but they did not proceed to a G0-like quiescent state. The present integrative study provides in vivo evidence that normal cell cycle progression and subsequent neurogenesis of radial glia cells are severely impaired by serine deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-193
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)


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