Impact of Preoperative Ultrasonography Screening for Carotid Artery Stenosis in Lung Cancer Patients

Fumihiro Shoji, Sadanori Takeo, Koji Yamazaki, Naoko Miura, Masakazu Katsura, Yuka Oku, Mototsugu Shimokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Stroke is a major cause of morbidity or death after lung operations. Carotid artery screening (CAS) is useful for detecting carotid artery stenosis, which is one of the causes of stroke. This study investigated the frequency of and risk factors for preoperative carotid artery stenosis to determine whether CAS with ultrasonography contributes to preventing postoperative stroke or cardiovascular comorbidities in lung cancer patients. Methods: This retrospective study included 1,676 consecutive lung cancer patients who underwent surgical resection. Results: Of the 1,342 patients who underwent CAS, 173 (12.9%) had carotid artery stenosis. Significant associations with carotid artery stenosis were found for older patients (p < 0.0001), men (p < 0.0001), smoking history (p < 0.0001), history of stroke (p = 0.0037), cardiovascular diseases (p < 0.0001), hypertension (p = 0.0353), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.0037), and peripheral vascular diseases (p < 0.0001). Patients with the three independent risk factors of age, male sex, and history of cardiovascular diseases had a 6.43-fold higher prevalence of carotid artery stenosis (odds ratio, 6.43; 95% confidence interval, 3.80 to 10.89) than those with none of these factors. Propensity score–matched analysis showed that incidences of postoperative stroke and cardiovascular comorbidities were both lower in patients who underwent CAS and received appropriate anticoagulant therapy than in those who did not (p = 0.0619 and p = 0.0319, respectively). Conclusions: Preoperative CAS is a simple and useful tool for detecting carotid artery stenosis. Administration of perioperative anticoagulant therapy to preoperative patients with lung cancer and carotid artery stenosis identified by CAS may prevent postoperative stroke and cardiovascular events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1054
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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