Recombinant antithrombin gamma (rAT) is reported as an effective drug for patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in Japan. As the appropriate dose and targeted AT activity remain unknown, this study aimed to determine these aspects for sepsis-induced DIC. Thirty-one patients with septic shock and DIC with AT levels <70% were treated with rAT between May 2018 and December 2020. The recovery rates from DIC were 32.2% and 63.3% on day 3 and 5 post administration, respectively. Recovery and survival rates were significantly higher in patients who achieved AT activity ≥70% or 80% on day 3 post administration. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the cutoff values of post-treatment AT activity on day 3 for 28-day survival and 5-day recovery from DIC were 79.5% and 81.5%, respectively. Patients who did not achieve AT activity ≥80% on day 3 presented a lower base level of AT activity and lower dose supplementation. Our results suggest that targeted AT activity should be at least 70%, and ideally 80%, and sufficient doses to maintain this activity are required to achieve better outcomes.
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