Impact of amorphization on the magnetic properties of EuO-TiO2 system

Hirofumi Akamatsu, Koji Fujita, Yanhua Zong, Naohiro Takemoto, Shunsuke Murai, Katsuhisa Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, we have reported amorphization-induced ferromagnetism in a magnetic oxide; whereas crystalline EuTiO3 is an antiferromagnet, its amorphous counterpart shows a ferromagnetic transition. In this paper, we have investigated the magnetic properties of amorphous EuO-TiO2 system in detail. The present compounds, i.e., amorphous EuTiO3 and Eu 2 TiO4, exhibit a paramagnetic-ferromagnetic transition followed by a spin-glass transition upon cooling down, thereby being characterized as reentrant ferromagnets. Interestingly, the magnetic ordering temperatures of amorphous EuTiO3 and Eu2 TiO4 are comparable to and higher than those of their crystalline counterparts, respectively, indicating the enhancement of ferromagnetic interactions by amorphization. The origin of these features is discussed in terms of both the essential structural difference between amorphous and crystalline oxides and the magnetism unique to the crystalline EuO-TiO2 compounds. We also find a correlation between the magnitude of ferromagnetic interactions and the covalency of Eu-O bonds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number224403
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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