Immobilization of a [CoIIICoII(H2O)W11O39]7-Polyoxoanion for the Photocatalytic Oxygen Evolution Reaction

Sreejith P. Nandan, Nadiia I. Gumerova, Jasmin S. Schubert, Hikaru Saito, Annette Rompel, Alexey Cherevan, Dominik Eder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The ongoing transition to renewable energy sources and the implementation of artificial photosynthetic setups call for an efficient and stable water oxidation catalyst (WOC). Here, we heterogenize a molecular all-inorganic [CoIIICoII(H2O)W11O39]7-({CoIIICoIIW11}) Keggin-type polyoxometalate (POM) onto a model TiO2surface, employing a 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) linker to form a novel heterogeneous photosystem for light-driven water oxidation. The {CoIIICoIIW11}-APTES-TiO2hybrid is characterized using a set of spectroscopic and microscopic techniques to reveal the POM integrity and dispersion to elucidate the POM/APTES and APTES/TiO2binding modes as well as to visualize the attachment of individual clusters. We conduct photocatalytic studies under heterogeneous and homogeneous conditions and show that {CoIIICoIIW11}-APTES-TiO2performs as an active light-driven WOC, wherein {CoIIICoIIW11} acts as a stable co-catalyst for water oxidation. In contrast to the homogeneous WOC performance of this POM, the heterogenized photosystem yields a constant WOC rate for at least 10 h without any apparent deactivation, demonstrating that TiO2not only stabilizes the POM but also acts as a photosensitizer. Complementary studies using photoluminescence (PL) emission spectroscopy elucidate the charge transfer mechanism and enhanced WOC activity. The {CoIIICoIIW11}-APTES-TiO2photocatalyst serves as a prime example of a hybrid homogeneous-heterogeneous photosystem that combines the advantages of solid-state absorbers and well-defined molecular co-catalysts, which will be of interest to both scientific communities and applications in photoelectrocatalysis and CO2reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-515
Number of pages11
JournalACS Materials Au
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 13 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Biomaterials


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