MicroRNA (miRNA) is an important regulator of cellular proliferation, differentiation and death. Leukemia-specific signature of miRNAs suggests that epigenetic dysregulation of miRNAs is important for leukemogenesis. We focused on the role of DNA methylation of miR-203 which targets BCR-ABL1 mRNA. The microarray analysis showed that 48 miRNAs of CpG-rich 212 miRNAs were upregulated over 2-fold after imatinib treatment. Imatinib induced the demethylation of the miR-203 promoter region, resulting in low expression of targeted BCR-ABL1 gene, and loss of proliferation of leukemic cells. In conclusion, demethylation of miR-203 is one of the molecular mechanisms of imatinib-induced inhibition of BCR-ABL1-positive leukemic cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research