Chemical modifications of rye seed chitinase-c (RSC-c) with various reagents suggested the involvements of tryptophan and glutamic/aspartic acid residues in the activity. Of these, the modification of tryptophan residues with N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) was investigated in detail. In the NBS-oxidation at pH 4.0, two of the six tryptophan residues in RSC-c were rapidly oxidized and the chitinase activity was almost completely lost. On the other hand, in the NBS-oxidation at pH 5.9, only one tryptophan residue was oxidized and the activity was greatly reduced. Analyses of the oxidized tryptophan-containing peptides from the tryptic and chymotryptic digests of the modified RSC-c showed that two tryptophan residues oxidized at pH 4.0 are Trp72 and Trp82, and that oxidized at pH 5.9 is Trp72. The NBS-oxidation of Trp72 at pH 5.9 was protected by a tetramer of N-acetylglucosamine (NAG4), a very slowly reactive substrate for RSC-c, and the activity was almost fully retained. In the presence of NAG4, RSC-c exhibited an UV-difference spectrum with maxima at 284 nm and 293 nm, attributed to the red shift of the tryptophan residue, as well as a small trough around 300 nm probably due to an alteration of the environment of the tryptophan residue. From these results, it was suggested that Trp72 is exposed on the surface of the RSC-c molecule and involved in the binding to substrate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry