Identification of the energetic-particle driven GAM in the LHD

T. Ido, M. Osakabe, A. Shimizu, T. Watari, M. Nishiura, K. Toi, K. Ogawa, K. Itoh, I. Yamada, R. Yasuhara, Y. Yoshimura, S. Kato

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39 Citations (Scopus)


n = 0 modes with frequency chirping have been observed by a heavy ion beam probe and Mirnov coils in the large helical device plasmas, where n is the toroidal mode number. The spatial structures of the electrostatic potential fluctuation and the density fluctuation correspond to those of the geodesic acoustic mode (GAM). The modes are observed only during the tangential neutral beam injection with the energy of 175 keV. The energy spectra of fast ions measured by a neutral particle analyzer implies that the modes are excited by the fast ions through the inverse Landau damping. The absolute values and the temperature dependence of the frequency of the mode can be interpreted by the dispersion relation taking into account the measured energy spectra of the fast ions. Therefore, the observed n = 0 modes are identified as the energetic-particle driven GAM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number083024
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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