Hydroxyethyl starch: The effect of molecular weight and degree of substitution on intravascular retention in vivo

Takashi Hitosugi, Toshiyuki Saito, Sono Suzuki, Ieko Kubota, Emi Shoda, Toru Shimizu, Yoshiyuki Oi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solution is characterized by its mean molecular weight (MW), concentration, and degree of substitution (DS). This character varies worldwide. METHODS: After binding fluorescein-isothiocyanate (FITC-HES), we evaluated the retention rate of three types of 6% HES in the A2 and V2 blood vessels of rat cremaster muscles using intravital microscopy in a mild hemorrhage model (10% of total blood volume). After blood withdrawal, we infused three types of FITC-HES: HES-A (MW 150-200 kDa, DS 0.6-0.68), HES-B (MW 175-225 kDa, DS 0.45-0.55), or HES-C (MW 550-850 kDa, DS 0.7-0.8) before determining the FITC-HES retention rate in the intravital microscope. RESULTS: For V2, the FITC-HES retention rates 120 min after the start of the infusion were 27% ± 7.2% of baseline values (HES-A), 65% ± 9.1% (HES-B), and 86% ± 9.6% (HES-C); for A2 they were 27% ± 6.6%, 73% ± 10.2%, and 89% ± 8.7%, respectively. HES-B and HES-C were retained in the vessels longer than HES-A (P = 0.028 for V2, P = 0.038 for A2 between HES-B and HES-A; P = 0.022 for V2, P = 0.037 for A2 between HES-C and HES-A). There was no difference in the rate of disappearance from the vessels between HES-B and HES-C. CONCLUSIONS: HES-B and HES-C are equally retained in the blood vessels. Middle-sized HES-B with low DS and middle substitution pattern stayed in the blood vessels as long as the large-sized HES. HES solutions of varying characters should be examined to optimize HES infusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-728
Number of pages5
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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