Hydrogen storage properties of new A3B2-type TiZrNbCrFe high-entropy alloy

Ricardo Floriano, Guilherme Zepon, Kaveh Edalati, Gabriel L.B.G. Fontana, Abbas Mohammadi, Zhongliang Ma, Hai Wen Li, Rodrigo J. Contieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crystal structure and hydrogen storage properties of a novel equiatomic TiZrNbCrFe high-entropy alloy (HEA) were studied. The selected alloy, which had a A3B2-type configuration (A: elements forming hydride, B: elements with low chemical affinity with hydrogen) was designed to produce a hydride with a hydrogen-to-metal atomic ratio (H/M) higher than those for the AB2- and AB-type alloys. The phase stability of alloy was investigated through thermodynamic calculations by the CALPHAD method. The alloy after arc melting showed the dominant presence of a solid solution C14 Laves phase (98.4%) with a minor proportion of a disordered BCC phase (1.6%). Hydrogen storage properties investigated at different temperatures revealed that the alloy was able to reversibly absorb and fully desorb 1.9 wt% of hydrogen at 473 K. During the hydrogenation, the initial C14 and BCC crystal structures were fully converted into the C14 and FCC hydrides, respectively. The H/M value was 1.32 which is higher than the value of 1 reported for the AB2- and AB-type HEAs. The present results show that good hydrogen storage capacity and reversibility at moderate temperatures can be attained in HEAs with new configurations such as A3B2/A3B2H7.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23757-23766
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume46
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 6 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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