Hydrogen-induced increase in phase stability in metastable austenite of various grain sizes under strain

Arnaud Macadre, Toshihiro Tsuchiyama, Setsuo Takaki

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    16 Citations (Scopus)


    Martensitic transformation is a pressing issue in austenitic steels in the context of hydrogen embrittlement; strain-induced martensite formation may increase the level of hydrogen embrittlement in metastable austenite. Therefore, the effect of hydrogen on phase stability was investigated. An austenitic stainless steel with several grain sizes was charged with various hydrogen contents, and the mechanical stability of austenite under cold-rolling was studied. Grain size did not affect the amount of martensite formed in the material for any condition. Increasing hydrogen contents decreased the amount of strain-induced martensite at each tested strain. The results were confirmed with magnetization saturation, X-ray diffraction, and electron backscattered diffraction measurements. Hydrogen appears to both change the deformation mechanism and the martensite forming rate. The stabilization is caused by a lower population of martensite nucleation locations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3419-3428
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Materials Science
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General Materials Science
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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