Hybrid artificial liver using hepatocyte organoid culture

Kazumori Funatsu, Hiroyuki Ijima, Kohji Nakazawa, Yo Ichi Yamashita, Mitsuo Shimada, Keizo Sugimachi

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91 Citations (Scopus)


We developed 2 types of hybrid artificial liver modules using hepatocyte organoid culture. One was a polyurethane foam (PUF)/hepatocyte spheroid packed-bed module. Hepatocytes spontaneously formed spheroids in the PUF pores, and they maintained liver-specific functions well for at least 2 weeks in vitro. As a preclinical experiment, a hybrid artificial liver with 200 g porcine hepatocytes was applied to a pig (25 kg) with liver failure and showed that the hybrid artificial liver was effective in support of liver functions and stabilization of general conditions. We established a new technique of hepatocyte organoid formation using centrifugal force. A hepatocyte organoid formed by centrifugation in hollow fibers maintained functions for more than 4 months in vitro. We developed a new sinusoid-like structure module having hollow fibers arranged by spacers in a micro-regular arrangement. Inoculated hepatocytes in the extra-fiber space of the module formed the organoid by centrifugation, and they maintained the functions for at least 1 month in vitro. The results indicated that this module seems to be promising as a hybrid artificial liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-200
Number of pages7
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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