Hsp70 plays an important role in cytoprotection against tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α-mediated cytotoxicity. To investigate the role of Hsp70 in cytoprotection during Salmonella infection, we examined endogenous Hsp70 induction and TNF-α production in a monocyte/macrophage line, J774A.1, after infection with a virulent strain of Salm. choleraesuis RF-1 carrying a 50 kb virulent plasmid or the plasmid-cured avirulent strain 31N-1. Intracellular bacteria progressively increased in J774A.1 cells phagocytosing virulent RF-1 bacteria, whereas such progressive growth was not evident in J774A.1 cells phagocytosing avirulent 31N-1 bacteria. On the contrary, J774A.1 cells infected with virulent RF-1 bacteria expressed less Hsp70 than those infected with avirulent 31N-1 bacteria. The level of TNF-α production by J774A.1 infected with virulent RF-1 was much the same as that by J774A.1 infected with avirulent 31N-1. J774A.1 infected with virulent RF-1 died spontaneously; death was inhibited by the addition of anti-TNF-α mAb. Although the frequency of dead J774A.1 with hypodiploid DNA content increased only marginally after infection with avirulent 31N-1, treatment with Hsp70 anti-sense oligonucleotide resulted in a dramatic increase of dead cells in the infected macrophages. Taken together, these results suggest that Hsp70 induced in infected macrophages plays an important role in host defense against Salmonella infection by protecting the macrophages against TNF α-induced cell death. Furthermore, cell death due to impaired endogenous Hsp synthesis in the phagocytes implies a novel pathogenic mechanism for virulence of Salm. choleraesuis RF-1.
|Number of pages
|Cell Stress and Chaperones
|Published - Mar 1997
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology