HLA—Bw52 in Takayasu Disease

I. Isohisa, F. Numano, H. Maezawa, T. Sasazuki

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77 Citations (Scopus)


Takayasu disease is characterized by a pulseless condition which most often occurs in young females from Asian or South American areas. The cause of this disease remains obscure. Recently we encountered monozygotic, Japanese identical twin sisters, both of whom were diagnosed as having Takayasu disease. A genetically related factor was considered and HLA analysis was carried out. A population study on HLA typing analyses of 65 patients with Takayasu disease revealed a high frequency of HLA—B5 as compared with 128 healthy Japanese (x2: 17.0, P < 10–4). Subgroups of B5, Bw51 and Bw52 were successively studied in 82 patients with this disease. Bw51 antigen was found in 12.2% of patients with Takayasu disease and in 19.5% of 128 healthy Japanese. Contrarily, Bw52 antigen was confirmed in 43.9% of patients, a statistically significant frequency with the level of 26.5 in the x2 test (cP < 3 < 10–4) when compared with 12.5% in normal Japanese. Thus a genetically related factor in the pathogenesis of Takayasu disease has to be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-248
Number of pages3
JournalTissue antigens
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1978
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics


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