History of COVID-19 Was Not Associated With Length of Stay or In-Hospital Complications After Elective Lower Extremity Joint Replacement

Anna Jungwirth-Weinberger, Friedrich Boettner, Milan Kapadia, Alioune Diane, Yu Fen Chiu, Stephen Lyman, Mark Alan Fontana, Andy O. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The impact of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection on the morbidity of elective total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is not fully understood. This study reports on the association between previous COVID-19 disease, hospital length of stay (LOS), and in-hospital complications after elective primary TJA. Methods: Demographics, comorbidities, LOS, and in-hospital complications of consecutive 340 patients with a history of COVID-19 were compared with those of 5014 patients without a history of COVID-19 undergoing TJA. History of COVID-19 was defined as a positive IgG antibody test for SARS-CoV-2 before surgery. All patients were given both antibody and polymerase chain reaction tests before surgery. Results: Patients with a history of COVID-19 were more likely to be obese (43.8% vs 32.4%, P < .001), Black (15.6% vs 6.8%, P < .001), or Hispanic (8.5% vs 5.4%, P = .028) than patients without a history of COVID-19. COVID-19 treatment was reported by 6.8% of patients with a history of COVID-19. Patients with a history of COVID-19 did not have a significantly longer median LOS after controlling for other factors (for hip replacements, median 2.9 h longer, 95% confidence interval = −2.0 to 7.8, P = .240; for knee replacements, median 4.1 h longer, 95% confidence interval = −2.4 to 10.5, P = .214), but a higher percentage were discharged to a post–acute care facility (4.7% vs 1.9%, P = .001). There was no significant difference in in-hospital complication rates between the 2 groups (0/340 = 0.0% vs 22/5014 = 0.44%, P = .221). Conclusions: We do not find differences in LOS or in-hospital complications between the 2 groups. However, more work is needed to confirm these findings, particularly for patients with a history of more severe COVID-19. Level of evidence: II.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-115
Number of pages7
JournalArthroplasty Today
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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