Hip resurfacing and posterior approach total hip arthroplasty have equivalent blood loss when tranexamic acid is used: a propensity score matched cohort analysis

Carola Hanreich, Edwin Su, Agnes Cororaton, Stephen Lyman, Anna Jungwirth-Weinberger, Friedrich Boettner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Hip resurfacing (HR) requires a larger approach and soft tissue dissection and might therefore be associated with increased blood loss compared to total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the effect of the adoption of tranexamic acid (TXA) in this setting is unknown. Therefore, the current study compares the blood loss and transfusion requirements between HR and posterior THA in patients receiving TXA. Materials and methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients undergoing primary, unilateral THA or HR using a posterior approach between February 2016 and 2020 in which TXA was administered. THA and HR patients were propensity score matched using nearest neighbor greedy matching accounting for demographic, health and surgical variables. Postoperative hemoglobin (Hgb) levels and Hgb drop from preoperative to post-operative day (POD) 1 were compared using t-tests and associated risk factors were assessed using linear mixed modelling. Results: After matching, each cohort consisted of 1395 patients. Cohorts were similar regarding age, sex, BMI, and Charlson Comorbidity Index. No significant differences were found for Hgb levels on POD 1 (12.3 g/dl; p = 0.90) or Hgb drop (2.3 g/dl; p = 0.87). Duration of surgery was significantly longer for HR patients (82 vs 77 min; p < 0.01). Transfusion rate was 0.1% in both cohorts (p = 1.00). Hospital stay was significantly shorter for HR patients (1 vs 2 days; p < 0.01). Conclusion: HR using a standard TXA regimen is not associated with greater perioperative blood loss than posterior THA and does not result in increased transfusion requirements. Both surgical procedures can be considered equally safe in terms of perioperative blood management when TXA is used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4055-4061
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Volume142
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hip resurfacing and posterior approach total hip arthroplasty have equivalent blood loss when tranexamic acid is used: a propensity score matched cohort analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this