Highly stable and active palladium nanoparticles supported on porous carbon for practical catalytic applications

Pitchaimani Veerakumar, Rajesh Madhu, Shen Ming Chen, Vediyappan Veeramani, Chin Te Hung, Pi Hsi Tang, Chen Bin Wang, Shang Bin Liu

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79 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon porous materials (CPMs) containing highly dispersed palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) with an average size of ca. 5 nm were synthesized by microwave (MW) irradiation procedure, during which the Pd2+ions were effectively reduced to the Pd0form and highly dispersed on the carbon support. The Pd/CPM samples were characterized by a variety of analytical and spectroscopy techniques, viz. N2adsorption/desorption isotherm measurements, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning and field emission transmission electron microscopy (SEM/FETEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and Raman spectroscopy. The Pd/CPM composites were employed as heterogeneous catalysts for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) in aqueous media. The reaction was monitored by UV-Visible spectroscopy, yielding a pseudo-first-order rate constant (k) of 6.87 × 10-2s-1. Moreover, the catalysts were exploited for C-C coupling reactions using the microwave (MW) method. In addition, a novel electrochemical sensor for the detection of 4-NP was developed based on a Pd/CPM-modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) methods. The 4-NP sensor was found to exhibit excellent sensitivity, lower detection limit, reliability, and durability surpassing the reported modified electrodes, rendering practical industrial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16015-16022
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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