Pt/Au alloy nanoparticles (NPs) in a wide composition range have been synthesized by room-temperature simultaneous sputter deposition from two independent magnetron sources onto liquid PEG (MW = 600). The prepared NPs were alloyed with the face-centered cubic (fcc) structure. In addition, the particle sizes, composition, and shape are strongly correlated but can be tailored by an appropriate variation of the sputtering parameters. No individual particle but large agglomerates with partial alloy structure formed at Pt content of less than 16 atom %. Highly dispersed NPs with no agglomeration were observed in PEG when the quantity of Pt is more than 26 atom %. On the other hand, a small amount of Pt could terminate the agglomeration of Au when sputtering on the grids for transmission electron microscope observation. Our experiment and computer simulation carried out by two different methods indicate that the composition-dependent particle size of Pt/Au can be explained by the atomic concentration, formation energy of the cluster, and interaction between different metal atoms and the PEG molecule.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces