Applications of metabolomics techniques along with chemometrics provide an understanding in the relationship between metabolome of green tea and its quality. A coupled of ultra-performance liquid chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/TOF MS) allowed a high-throughput and comprehensive analysis with minimal sample preparation. Using this technique, a wide range of metabolites were investigated. Data analysis was rapid, considering that the fingerprinting technique was performed. A set of green tea samples from 2006 tea contest of the Kansai area was analyzed to prove usefulness of the developed technique. Green tea with different qualities were discriminated through principal component analysis (PCA). Consequently, projection to latent structure by means of partial least-squares (PLS) was performed to create a constructive quality-predictive model by means of metabolic fingerprinting. Beside epigallocatechin, other predominant catechins, including epigallocatechin gallate and epicatechin gallate, detected in green tea were found to be significant biomarkers to the high quality of Japanese green tea (Sencha).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
- General Chemistry