Graphene is a promising candidate material for high-speed and ultra-broadband photodetectors. However, graphene-based photodetectors suffer from low photoreponsivity and Ilight/Idark ratios due to their negligible-gap nature and small optical absorption. Here, a new type of graphene/InAs nanowire (NW) vertically stacked heterojunction infrared photodetector is reported, with a large photoresponsivity of 0.5 AW-1 and Ilight/Idark ratio of 5 × 102, while the photoresponsivity and I light/Idark ratio of graphene infrared photodetectors are 0.1 mAW-1 and 1, respectively. The Fermi level (EF) of graphene can be widely tuned by the gate voltage owing to its 2D nature. As a result, the back-gated bias can modulate the Schottky barrier (SB) height at the interface between graphene and InAs NWs. Simulations further demonstrate the rectification behavior of graphene/InAs NW heterojunctions and the tunable SB controls charge transport across the vertically stacked heterostructure. The results address key challenges for graphene-based infrared detectors, and are promising for the development of graphene electronic and optoelectronic applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- General Chemistry
- General Materials Science