High-fidelity simulation of a hydraulic jump around a surface-piercing hydrofoil

Zheng Li, Cheng Liu, Decheng Wan, Changhong Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


For a surface-piercing hydrofoil traveling at high speed, a turbulent hydraulic jump may arise at the intersection of the body with the free surface. This hydrodynamic phenomenon involves violent wave breaking, bringing great challenges for experimental analysis. In this work, a high-fidelity large eddy simulation is performed to study the turbulent air-entraining flow near foil. One advantage of the present simulation is that a quantitative analysis can be implemented even in the turbulent two-phase mixing region containing a large amount of entrained air, which is difficult for traditional experimental and theoretical approaches. We employ a conservative coupled level set/volume-of-fluid scheme to capture the free surface. A highly robust scheme is introduced to guarantee stability in simulating large density ratio two-phase flows. The present method is implemented based on a block-structured adaptive mesh, by which the efficiency of the high-fidelity simulation can be improved. The main flow features of the wedge-shaped hydraulic jump, including the wave patterns, free surface elevation, and frequency spectra, are compared with experimental data. We find that the flow structures show clear differences from those found in the canonical hydraulic jump, owing to the presence of the foil surface. Shoulder wave breaking starts at the trough of the mid-body, develops in a wedge shape, depends strongly on Froude number, and is responsible for most of the large-scale air entrainment. The properties of the turbulent hydraulic jump and some of the key quantities characterizing the air-entraining flow, including the spatial distribution of the bubble cloud, the void fraction, and the bubble/droplet size spectrum, are fully investigated for typical Froude numbers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123304
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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