Accurate measurement of right ventricular (RV) size using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is important for evaluating the severity of congenital heart diseases. The RV end-diastolic area index (RVEDAi) determined using TTE is used to assess RV dilatation; however, the tracing line of the RVEDAi has not been clearly defined by the guidelines. This study aimed to determine the exact tracing method for RVEDAi using TTE. We retrospectively studied 107 patients with atrial septal defects who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and TTE. We measured the RVEDAi according to isoechoic and high-echoic lines, and compared it with the RVEDAi measured using CMR. The isoechoic line was defined as the isoechoic endocardial border of the RV free wall, whereas the high-echoic line was defined as the high-echoic endocardial border of the RV free wall more outside than the isoechoic line. RVEDAi measured using high-echoic line (high-RVEDAi) was more accurately related to RVEDAi measured using CMR than that measured using isoechoic line (iso-RVEDAi). The difference in the high-RVEDAi was 0.3 cm2/m2, and the limit of agreement (LOA) was − 3.7 to 4.3 cm2/m2. With regard to inter-observer variability, high-RVEDAi was superior to iso-RVEDAi. High-RVEDAi had greater agreement with CMR-RVEDAi than with iso-RVEDAi. High-RVEDAi can become the standard measurement of RV size using two-dimensional TTE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine