Biliary complications, including bile leak, biliary stricture, and cholangitis, are seen in 15% to 29% of all cases after living related liver transplantation. We investigate risk factors and discuss the management of biliary complications after living related liver transplantation in adults using left-lobe grafts. We studied 37 adult patients who underwent living related liver transplantation using left-lobe grafts. Perioperative variables were evaluated as risk factors for biliary strictures. The overall incidence of biliary complications was 43.2% (16 of 37 patients). Anastomotic strictures occurred in 8 patients, whereas bile leaks and cholangitis occurred in 9 and 8 patients, respectively. Anastomotic stricture was strongly related to a partial artery reconstruction (P < .02) and cholangitis (P < .01). Anastomotic biliary stricture was not associated with bile leak, acute cellular rejection, or infection. Our results suggest that an important risk factor for biliary anastomotic biliary strictures is a partial artery reconstruction. To minimize the risk for biliary anastomotic strictures, we will reconstruct both the middle and left hepatic artery.
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