The influence of H2 S fuel impurity on power generation characteristics of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) has been analyzed by measuring cell voltage at a constant current density, as a function of H2 S concentration, operational temperature, and fuel gas composition. Reversible cell voltage change was observed around 1000°C, while fatal irreversible degradation occurred at a lower operational temperature, at a higher H2 S concentration, and at a lower fuel H2 CO ratio. Sulfur tolerance of SOFCs was improved by using Sc2 O3 -doped Zr O2 instead of Y2 O3 -doped Zr O2 as electrolyte and/or as electrolyte component in the anode cermets. It has been found that H2 S poisoning consists of at least two stages, i.e., an initial cell voltage drop within a short time period to a metastable cell voltage, followed by a gradual larger cell voltage drop. Possible H2 S poisoning processes are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment