Growth processes of gold particles prepared with the aid of microemulsions are studied focussing on the relationship between the produced particles and the structure of the microemulsion. The microemulsion was composed of sodium dioleylphosphate (SDOLP) or pentaethylene-glycol dodecylether (C12E5). It is found from the size and distribution of the produced particles that there are several retardation processes for Au-particle growth in the SDOLP system. The first retardation appears near the diameter dm of the original microemulsion droplets, followed by successive retardation in lower ranges of water-to-surfactant ratio Wo. The second retardation occurs around the diameter dnc of the natural curvature of the microemulsion droplets. Whereas, for larger Wo-values, the first and the second retardations occur around dnc and a diameter dms much larger than dnc. The size distribution of the produced particles is rather broad due to the wide gaps between dm, dnc and dms. In the C12E5-system, the size distribution was much broader than that in the SDOLP-system. This arises from the absence of the second retardation which restrains the particle growth of the maximum size. SDOLP can work as a stabilizer of the produced particles. This is caused by the peculiar nature of the microemulsion composed of SDOLP. Taking into account the above retardation mechanism, the size-distribution of Au-particles can be controlled, and Au-particles with sharper size-distribution can be prepared.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering