Gravity Wave Morphology During the 2018 Sudden Stratospheric Warming Simulated by a Whole Neutral Atmosphere General Circulation Model

S. Watanabe, D. Koshin, S. Noguchi, K. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atmospheric gravity waves (GWs) during the February 2018 sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event are simulated using the T639L340 whole neutral atmosphere general circulation model. Their characteristic morphology around the drastically evolving polar vortex is revealed by three-dimensional (3D) visualization and ray-tracing analyses. The 3D morphology of simulated GWs is described for the three key days that represent the pre-SSW conditions, the mature stage for the vortex splitting, and the late SSW. The combination of strong winds along the polar vortex edge and underneath the tropospheric winds with similar wind directions consist of the deep waveguide for the upward-propagating GWs, forming GW hot spots in the middle atmosphere. The GW hot spots associated with the development of the SSW are limited to North America and Greenland, and they include the typical upward-propagating orographic GWs with relatively long vertical wavelengths. Different types of characteristic GW signatures are also recognized around the Canadian sub-vortex (CV). GWs having short vertical wavelengths form near the surface and obliquely propagate over long distances along the CV winds. The non-orographic GWs with short vertical wavelengths form in the middle stratosphere through the spontaneous adjustment of flow imbalance around the CV. Those GWs cyclonically ascend into the mesosphere along CV winds.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2022JD036718
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Volume127
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 16 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Gravity Wave Morphology During the 2018 Sudden Stratospheric Warming Simulated by a Whole Neutral Atmosphere General Circulation Model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this