We derive the solutions of gravitational waves in the future (F) expanding and past (P) shrinking Kasner spacetimes, as well as in the left (L) and right (R) Rindler wedges in the Regge-Wheeler gauge. The solutions for all metric components are obtained in an analytic form in each region. We identify the master variables, which are equivalent to massless scalar fields, to describe the gravitational degrees of freedom for the odd-parity and even-parity modes under the transformation in the two-dimensional plane-symmetric space. Then, the master variables are quantized, and we develop the quantum field theory of the gravitational waves in the F, P, L, and R regions. We demonstrate that the mode functions of the quantized gravitational waves in the left and right Rindler wedges are obtained by an analytic continuation of the left-moving and right-moving wave modes in Kasner spacetime. On the basis of these analyses, we discuss the Unruh effect of the quantized gravitational waves for an observer in a uniformly accelerated motion in Minkowski spacetime in an explicit manner for the first time.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)