To clarify the underlying mechanism of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, we investigated the effect of glucocorticoid on the expression of dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1), an antagonist of Wnt signaling, in primary cultured human osteoblasts. Dexamethasone markedly induced the expression of mRNA for Dkk-1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The expression of Kremen1, a receptor for Dkk, did not change by the treatment with dexamethasone, while that of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5), a Wnt coreceptor, slightly decreased by the treatment with dexamethasone. Dexamethasone increased the transcriptional activity of the Dkk-1 gene promoter in human osteoblasts. Serial deletion and mutation analyses of the Dkk-1 promoter showed that one putative glucocorticoid responsive element-like sequence located from -788 to -774bp is essential for the enhancement of the Dkk-1 promoter activity by dexamethasone in human osteoblasts. Since the Wnt signal is now recognized as a crucial regulator for bone formation, the Dkk-1 enhanced by glucocorticoid may inhibit the Wnt signal in osteoblasts, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - May 21 2004
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology