Aim: Glecaprevir (GLE) and pibrentasvir (PIB) are new direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) with pangenotypic inhibitors that respectively target the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4 protease and NS5A. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of combining GLE and PIB for patients with HCV genotype (GT) 1 or 2 infection in the clinical setting, including patients DAA-experienced or on hemodialysis. Methods: This multicenter, real-world, retrospective, cohort study consisted of 314 Japanese patients who were treated with GLE (300 mg) and PIB (120 mg) for a fixed 8- or 12-week duration. We evaluated the sustained virologic response rate 12 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR12) and adverse events. Results: Among the treated patients, 122 had GT1 and 192 GT2 infection. The overall SVR12 rates in the per-protocol populations were 99.2% (119/120) for GT1 and 98.9% (183/185) for GT2. High SVR12 rates were observed in almost all subgroups, including cirrhosis, receiving hemodialysis, or previous all-oral DAA groups treated with asunaprevir and daclatasvir (GT1b), ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (GT1), or sofosbuvir and ribavirin (GT2). Virological relapse occurred in only 1.0% (3/305) of the patients who completed treatment. The most common adverse events were pruritus and fatigue (>5% of patients). Serious adverse events were rare and discontinuation due to an adverse event was required for 1.6% of the patients. Conclusions: In this real-world cohort study, treatment with GLE/PIB achieved high SVR12 rates with a low rate of serious adverse events among patients with HCV GT1 or 2 infection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases